What Is Shoulder Pain?
Shoulder pain is discomfort originating in the joints, ligaments, muscles or tendons that make up the shoulder. It may worsen when the shoulder is in use, such as certain activities that require a wide range of motion. There are numerous causes of shoulder pain that include sprains, osteoarthritis, rotator cuff injury and tendinitis. Symptoms can range from swelling and tenderness to inability to move the arm. People are highly recommended to seek immediate medical attention in the most severe cases of shoulder pain.
What are the Symptoms of Shoulder Pain?
Shoulder pain may be temporary or constant depending on the cause and severity. Some pain may only occur when the shoulder is in motion, while other pain may present a constant ache. The symptoms can vary from a dull ache to shooting pain. Stiffness, swelling and limited mobility are all common symptoms of shoulder pain that may require a doctor visit to diagnosis the cause.
Shoulder Pain Treatment Options
Anti-inflammatory injections may be administered depending on the cause of shoulder pain, including rotator cuff injuries. Steroid injections work to reduce pain and increase mobility in the shoulder. They are also used to diagnosis the cause of shoulder pain depending on the patient’s response to the injection.
A physical therapist will be able to teach you stretches and exercises to strengthen shoulder muscles and reduce risk of future injury. Doing gentle exercises on a regular basis with help from a physical therapist will improve your range of motion and safely return to normal activities. Physical therapy is recommended for people who suffer from prolonged pain and loss of function. Ice treatments and rest is also recommended in addition to physical therapy.
In some cases the most effective way to treat shoulder pain is through surgery. Because the shoulder is so flexible and mobile, it is more prone to injury than other joints and may require further treatment. Delaying shoulder surgery may result in an issue worsening over time. Physical therapy and rehabilitation may be necessary following shoulder surgery.
Arthrographic Distension/ Hydrodilatation
This treatment involves injecting a fluid into the shoulder joint that shows up on X-rays. The fluid may open the joint, allowing more range of motion. Another injection of corticosteroid may be made during the procedure, which takes about 15 minutes. It helps control pain and increase range of motion of the shoulder. This treatment option is particularly recommended for those suffering from frozen shoulder.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
Shoulder pain may be caused by a variety of factors, such as a broken arm and even a heart attack. Inflammation of a tendon, tearing and over-stretching of ligaments or muscles are some causes behind common shoulder pain. The shoulder is the most mobile joint of the body making it liable to numerous injuries. Strains, pinched nerves, dislocated or separated shoulder, tendinitis from overuse, torn cartilage and arthritis all may also be the cause behind shoulder pain.